New Zealand’'s national anthem “"God Defend New Zealand"” was adopted in 1940 as a national song and was adopted in 1977 as a co-national anthem. New Zealand has two national anthems with equal status as a commonwealth realm. “"God Save the Queen"” is normally played only when a member of the royal family or the governor-general is present. In all other cases, “"God Defend New Zealand"” is played. The lyrics of "“God Defend New Zealand"” were written by Thomas Bracken and Thomas Henry Smith, and its music was composed by John Joseph Woods.